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Q21. - (Topic 1)
Refer to the exhibit.
HostX is transferring a file to the FTP server. Point A represents the frame as it goes toward the Toronto router. What will the Layer 2 destination address be at this point?
For packets destined to a host on another IP network, the destination MAC address will be the LAN interface of the router. Since the FTP server lies on a different network, the host will know to send the frame to its default gateway, which is Toronto.
Q22. - (Topic 5)
Refer to the exhibit.
A technician pastes the configurations in the exhibit into the two new routers shown. Otherwise, the routers are configured with their default configurations.
A ping from Host1 to Host 2 fails, but the technician is able to ping the S0/0 interface of R2 from Host 1. The configurations of the hosts have been verified as correct. What could be the cause of the problem?
A. The serial cable on R1 needs to be replaced.
B. The interfaces on R2 are not configured properly
C. R1 has no route to the 192.168.1.128 network.
D. The IP addressing scheme has overlapping subnetworks.
E. The ip subnet-zero command must be configured on both routers.
Without a static route pointing to the host 2 network the router R1 is unaware of the path to take to reach that network and reply traffic cannot be sent.
Q23. - (Topic 4)
Refer to the exhibit.
A company wants to use NAT in the network shown. Which commands will apply the NAT configuration to the proper interfaces? (Choose two.)
A. R1(config)# interface serial0/1 R1(config-if)# ip nat inside
B. R1(config)# interface serial0/1 R1(config-if)# ip nat outside
C. R1(config)# interface fastethernet0/0 R1(config-if)# ip nat inside
D. R1(config)# interface fastethernet0/0 R1(config-if)# ip nat outside
E. R1(config)# interface serial0/1 R1(config-if)# ip nat outside source pool 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.252
F. R1(config)# interface fastethernet0/0 R1(config-if)# ip nat inside source 10.10.0.0 255.255.255.0
For NAT, you need to define which interfaces are inside and which are outside. The outside interface is the one that connects to the external network, and the one that will be used for translating addresses. The inside interface is for the internal network, and defines the network IP addresses that will get translated to the one specified in the outside network.
Q24. - (Topic 2)
A switch receives a frame on one of its ports. There is no entry in the MAC address table for the destination MAC address. What will the switch do with the frame?
A. drop the frame
B. forward it out of all ports except the one that received it
C. forward it out of all ports
D. store it until it learns the correct port
Understanding this concept is prime for understanding that when switch receives the data frame from the host not having the MAC address already in the MAC table, it will add the MAC address to the source port on the MAC address table and sends the data frame. If the switch already has the MAC address in its table for the destination, it will forward the frame directly to the destination port. If it was not already in its MAC table, then they frame would have been flooded out all ports except for the port that it came from.
Q25. - (Topic 1)
Which statements accurately describe CDP? (Choose three.)
A. CDP is an IEEE standard protocol.
B. CDP is a Cisco proprietary protocol.
C. CDP is a datalink layer protocol.
D. CDP is a network layer protocol.
E. CDP can discover directly connected neighboring Cisco devices.
F. CDP can discover Cisco devices that are not directly connected.
CDP (Cisco Discovery Protocol) is a proprietary protocol designed by Cisco to help administrators collect information about both locally attached and remote devices. By using CDP, you can gather hardware and protocol information about neighbor devices containing useful info for troubleshooting and documenting the network.
Q26. - (Topic 5)
Refer to the exhibit.
A technician is troubleshooting a host connectivity problem. The host is unable to ping a server connected to Switch_A. Based on the results of the testing, what could be the problem?
A. A remote physical layer problem exists.
B. The host NIC is not functioning.
C. TCP/IP has not been correctly installed on the host.
D. A local physical layer problem exists.
Here we see that the host is able to ping its own loopback IP address of 127.0.0.1 and it’s own IP address of 10.0.0.35, so we know that the NIC is functioning and that the host’s TCP/IP stack is OK. However, it is not able to ping the IP address of its local default gateway, so we know that there is a local cabling problem between the switch and the router.
Q27. - (Topic 1)
How does TCP differ from UDP? (Choose two.)
A. TCP provides best effort delivery.
B. TCP provides synchronized communication.
C. TCP segments are essentially datagrams.
D. TCP provides sequence numbering of packets.
E. TCP uses broadcast delivery.
Because TCP is a connection-oriented protocol responsible for ensuring the transfer of a datagram from the source to destination machine (end-to-end communications), TCP must receive communications messages from the destination machine to acknowledge receipt of the datagram. The term virtual circuit is usually used to refer to the handshaking that goes on between the two end machines, most of which are simple acknowledgment messages (either confirmation of receipt or a failure code) and datagram sequence numbers. Rather than impose a state within the network to support the connection, TCP uses synchronized state between the two endpoints. This synchronized state is set up as part of an initial connection process, so TCP can be regarded as a connection-oriented protocol. Much of the protocol design is intended to ensure that each local state transition is communicated to, and acknowledged by, the remote party.
Q28. - (Topic 3)
If an Ethernet port on a router was assigned an IP address of 172.16.112.1/20, what is the maximum number of hosts allowed on this subnet?
Each octet represents eight bits. The bits, in turn, represent (from left to right): 128, 64, 32 , 16 , 8, 4, 2, 1 Add them up and you get 255. Add one for the all zeros option, and the total is 256. Now, take away one of these for the network address (all zeros) and another for the broadcast address (all ones). Each octet represents 254 possible hosts. Or 254 possible networks. Unless you have subnet zero set on your network gear, in which case you could conceivably have 255. The CIDR addressing format (/20) tells us that 20 bits are used for the network portion, so the maximum number of networks are 2^20 minus one if you have subnet zero enabled, or minus 2 if not. You asked about the number of hosts. That will be 32 minus the number of network bits, minus two. So calculate it as (2^(32-20))-2, or (2^12)-2 = 4094
Q29. - (Topic 1)
Refer to the exhibit.
Which option describes how SwitchA will handle the frame just received?
A. It will drop the frame.
B. It will forward the frame out of port Fa0/3 only.
C. It will flood the frame out all ports.
D. It will flood the frame out of all the ports except Fa0/3.
Q30. - (Topic 1)
How does a switch differ from a hub?
A. A switch does not induce any latency into the frame transfer time.
B. A switch tracks MAC addresses of directly-connected devices.
C. A switch operates at a lower, more efficient layer of the OSI model.
D. A switch decreases the number of broadcast domains.
E. A switch decreases the number of collision domains.
Some of the features and functions of a switch include:
A switch is essentially a fast, multi-port bridge, which can contain dozens of ports.
Rather than creating two collision domains, each port creates its own collision domain.
In a network of twenty nodes, twenty collision domains exist if each node is plugged into its
own switch port.
If an uplink port is included, one switch creates twenty-one single-node collision domains.
A switch dynamically builds and maintains a Content-Addressable Memory (CAM) table,
holding all of the necessary MAC information for each port.
For a detailed description of how switches operate, and their key differences to hubs, see
the reference link below.