Finding Improved 312-50 practice exam

Exam Code: 312-50 (Practice Exam Latest Test Questions VCE PDF)
Exam Name: Ethical Hacking and Countermeasures (CEHv6)
Certification Provider: EC-Council
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Q121. What will the following command produce on a website's login page if executed successfully? SELECT email, passwd, login_id, full_name FROM members WHERE email = 'someone@somewhere.com' DROP TABLE members; --' 

A. This code will insert the someone@somewhere.com email address into the members table. 

B. This command will delete the entire members table. 

C. It retrieves the password for the first user in the members table. 

D. This command will not produce anything since the syntax is incorrect. 

Answer: B


Q122. What happens during a SYN flood attack? 

A. TCP connection requests floods a target machine is flooded with randomized source address & ports for the TCP ports. 

B. A TCP SYN packet, which is a connection initiation, is sent to a target machine, giving the target host’s address as both source and destination, and is using the same port on the target host as both source and destination. 

C. A TCP packet is received with the FIN bit set but with no ACK bit set in the flags field. 

D. A TCP packet is received with both the SYN and the FIN bits set in the flags field. 

Answer: A

Explanation: To a server that requires an exchange of a sequence of messages. The client system begins by sending a SYN message to the server. The server then acknowledges the SYN message by sending a SYN-ACK message to the client. The client then finishes establishing the connection by responding with an ACK message and then data can be exchanged. At the point where the server system has sent an acknowledgment (SYN-ACK) back to client but has not yet received the ACK message, there is a half-open connection. A data structure describing all pending connections is in memory of the server that can be made to overflow by intentionally creating too many partially open connections. Another common attack is the SYN flood, in which a target machine is flooded with TCP connection requests. The source addresses and source TCP ports of the connection request packets are randomized; the purpose is to force the target host to maintain state information for many connections that will never be completed. SYN flood attacks are usually noticed because the target host (frequently an HTTP or SMTP server) becomes extremely slow, crashes, or hangs. It's also possible for the traffic returned from the target host to cause trouble on routers; because this return traffic goes to the randomized source addresses of the original packets, it lacks the locality properties of "real" IP traffic, and may overflow route caches. On Cisco routers, this problem often manifests itself in the router running out of memory. 


Q123. Attackers target HINFO record types stored on a DNS server to enumerate information. These are information records and potential source for reconnaissance. A network administrator has the option of entering host information specifically the CPU type and operating system when creating a new DNS record. An attacker can extract this type of information easily from a DNS server. 

Which of the following commands extracts the HINFO record? 

A. Option A 

B. Option B 

C. Option C 

D. Option D 

Answer: A


Q124. This type of Port Scanning technique splits TCP header into several packets so that the packet filters are not able to detect what the packets intends to do. 

A. UDP Scanning 

B. IP Fragment Scanning 

C. Inverse TCP flag scanning 

D. ACK flag scanning 

Answer: B


Q125. Gerald, the systems administrator for Hyped Enterprise, has just discovered that his network has been breached by an outside attacker. After performing routine maintenance on his servers, his discovers numerous remote tools were installed that no one claims to have knowledge of in his department. 

Gerald logs onto the management console for his IDS and discovers an unknown IP address that scanned his network constantly for a week and was able to access his network through a high-level port that was not closed. Gerald traces the IP address he found in the IDS log to proxy server in Brazil. 

Gerald calls the company that owns the proxy server and after searching through their logs, they trace the source to another proxy server in Switzerland. Gerald calls the company in Switzerland that owns the proxy server and after scanning through the logs again, they trace the source back to a proxy server in China. 

What tool Geralds’s attacker used to cover their tracks? 

A. Tor 

B. ISA 

C. IAS 

D. Cheops 

Answer: A

Explanation: Tor is a network of virtual tunnels that allows people and groups to improve their privacy and security on the Internet. It also enables software developers to create new communication tools with built-in privacy features. It provides the foundation for a range of applications that allow organizations and individuals to share information over public networks without compromising their privacy. Individuals can use it to keep remote Websites from tracking them and their family members. They can also use it to connect to resources such as news sites or instant messaging services that are blocked by their local Internet service providers (ISPs). 


Improved 312-50 brain dumps:

Q126. The traditional traceroute sends out ICMP ECHO packets with a TTL of one, and increments the TTL until the destination has been reached. By printing the gateways that generate ICMP time exceeded messages along the way, it is able to determine the path packets take to reach the destination. 

The problem is that with the widespread use of firewalls on the Internet today, many of the packets that traceroute sends out end up being filtered, making it impossible to completely trace the path to the destination. 

How would you overcome the Firewall restriction on ICMP ECHO packets? 

A. Firewalls will permit inbound TCP packets to specific ports that hosts sitting behind the firewall are listening for connections. By sending out TCP SYN packets instead of ICMP ECHO packets, traceroute can bypass the most common firewall filters. 

B. Firewalls will permit inbound UDP packets to specific ports that hosts sitting behind the firewall are listening for connections. By sending out TCP SYN packets instead of ICMP ECHO packets, traceroute can bypass the most common firewall filters. 

C. Firewalls will permit inbound UDP packets to specific ports that hosts sitting behind the firewall are listening for connections. By sending out TCP SYN packets instead of ICMP ECHO packets, traceroute can bypass the most common firewall filters. 

D. Do not use traceroute command to determine the path packets take to reach the destination instead use the custom hacking tool JOHNTHETRACER and run with the command 

E. > JOHNTHETRACER www.eccouncil.org -F -evade 

Answer: A


Q127. What does a type 3 code 13 represent?(Choose two. 

A. Echo request 

B. Destination unreachable 

C. Network unreachable 

D. Administratively prohibited 

E. Port unreachable 

F. Time exceeded 

Answer: BD

Explanation: Type 3 code 13 is destination unreachable administratively prohibited. This type of message is typically returned from a device blocking a port. 


Q128. Exhibit: 

You have captured some packets in Ethereal. You want to view only packets sent from 

10.0.0.22. What filter will you apply? 

A. ip = 10.0.0.22 

B. ip.src == 10.0.0.22 

C. ip.equals 10.0.0.22 

D. ip.address = 10.0.0.22 

Answer:

Explanation: ip.src tells the filter to only show packets with 10.0.0.22 as the source. 


Q129. While reviewing the result of scanning run against a target network you come across the following: 

Which among the following can be used to get this output? 

A. A Bo2k system query. 

B. nmap protocol scan 

C. A sniffer 

D. An SNMP walk 

Answer: D

Explanation: SNMP lets you "read" information from a device. You make a query of the server (generally known as the "agent"). The agent gathers the information from the host system and returns the answer to your SNMP client. It's like having a single interface for all your informative Unix commands. Output like system.sysContact.0 is called a MIB. 


Q130. 000 00 00 BA 5E BA 11 00 A0 C9 B0 5E BD 08 00 45 00 ...^......^...E. 010 05 DC 1D E4 40 00 7F 06 C2 6D 0A 00 00 02 0A 00 ....@....m...... 020 01 C9 00 50 07 75 05 D0 00 C0 04 AE 7D F5 50 10 ...P.u......}.P. 030 70 79 8F 27 00 00 48 54 54 50 2F 31 2E 31 20 32 py.'..HTTP/1.1.2 040 30 30 20 4F 4B 0D 0A 56 69 61 3A 20 31 2E 30 20 00.OK..Via:.1.0. 050 53 54 52 49 44 45 52 0D 0A 50 72 6F 78 79 2D 43 STRIDER..Proxy-C 060 6F 6E 6E 65 63 74 69 6F 6E 3A 20 4B 65 65 70 2D onnection:.Keep-070 41 6C 69 76 65 0D 0A 43 6F 6E 74 65 6E 74 2D 4C Alive..Content-L 080 65 6E 67 74 68 3A 20 32 39 36 37 34 0D 0A 43 6F ength:.29674..Co 090 6E 74 65 6E 74 2D 54 79 70 65 3A 20 74 65 78 74 ntent-Type:.text 0A0 2F 68 74 6D 6C 0D 0A 53 65 72 76 65 72 3A 20 4D /html..Server:. 0B0 69 63 72 6F 73 6F 66 74 2D 49 49 53 2F 34 2E 30 ..Microsoft 0C0 0D 0A 44 61 74 65 3A 20 53 75 6E 2C 20 32 35 20 ..Date:.Sun,.25. 0D0 4A 75 6C 20 31 39 39 39 20 32 31 3A 34 35 3A 35 Jul.1999.21:45:5 0E0 31 20 47 4D 54 0D 0A 41 63 63 65 70 74 2D 52 61 1.GMT..Accept-Ra 0F0 6E 67 65 73 3A 20 62 79 74 65 73 0D 0A 4C 61 73 nges:.bytes..Las 100 74 2D 4D 6F 64 69 66 69 65 64 3A 20 4D 6F 6E 2C t-Modified:.Mon, 

110 20 31 39 20 4A 75 6C 20 31 39 39 39 20 30 37 3A .19.Jul.1999.07: 120 33 39 3A 32 36 20 47 4D 54 0D 0A 45 54 61 67 3A 39:26.GMT..ETag: 130 20 22 30 38 62 37 38 64 33 62 39 64 31 62 65 31 ."08b78d3b9d1be1 140 3A 61 34 61 22 0D 0A 0D 0A 3C 74 69 74 6C 65 3E :a4a"....<title> 150 53 6E 69 66 66 69 6E 67 20 28 6E 65 74 77 6F 72 Sniffing.(networ 160 6B 20 77 69 72 65 74 61 70 2C 20 73 6E 69 66 66 k.wiretap,.sniff 170 65 72 29 20 46 41 51 3C 2F 74 69 74 6C 65 3E 0D er).FAQ</title>. 180 0A 0D 0A 3C 68 31 3E 53 6E 69 66 66 69 6E 67 20 ...<h1>Sniffing. 190 28 6E 65 74 77 6F 72 6B 20 77 69 72 65 74 61 70 (network.wiretap 1A0 2C 20 73 6E 69 66 66 65 72 29 20 46 41 51 3C 2F ,.sniffer).FAQ</ 1B0 68 31 3E 0D 0A 0D 0A 54 68 69 73 20 64 6F 63 75 h1>....This.docu 1C0 6D 65 6E 74 20 61 6E 73 77 65 72 73 20 71 75 65 ment.answers.que 1D0 73 74 69 6F 6E 73 20 61 62 6F 75 74 20 74 61 70 stions.about.tap 1E0 70 69 6E 67 20 69 6E 74 6F 20 0D 0A 63 6F 6D 70 ping.into...comp 1F0 75 74 65 72 20 6E 65 74 77 6F 72 6B 73 20 61 6E uter.networks.an 

This packet was taken from a packet sniffer that monitors a Web server. 

This packet was originally 1514 bytes long, but only the first 512 bytes are shown here. This is the standard hexdump representation of a network packet, before being decoded. A hexdump has three columns: the offset of each line, the hexadecimal data, and the ASCII equivalent. This packet contains a 14-byte Ethernet header, a 20-byte IP header, a 20-byte TCP header, an HTTP header ending in two line-feeds (0D 0A 0D 0A) and then the data. By examining the packet identify the name and version of the Web server? 

A. Apache 1.2 

B. IIS 4.0 

C. IIS 5.0 

D. Linux WServer 2.3 

Answer: B

Explanation: We see that the server is Microsoft, but the exam designer didn’t want to make it easy for you. So what they did is blank out the IIS 4.0. The key is in line “0B0” as you see: 0B0 69 63 72 6F 73 6F 66 74 2D 49 49 53 2F 34 2E 30 ..Microsoft 

49 is I, so we get II 53 is S, so we get IIS 2F is a space 34 is 4 2E is . 30 is 0 So we get IIS 4.0 

The answer is B 

If you don’t remember the ASCII hex to Character, there are enough characters and numbers already converted. For example, line “050” has STRIDER which is 53 54 52 49 44 45 52 and gives you the conversion for the “I:” and “S” characters (which is “49” and “53”).