Top EC-Council 312-50 questions Choices
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2021 Apr 312-50 vce
Q111. Steven, a security analyst for XYZ associates, is analyzing packets captured by Ethereal on a Linux Server inside his network when the server starts to slow down tremendously. Steven examines the following Ethereal captures:
A. Smurf Attack
B. ARP Spoofing
C. Ping of Death
D. SYN Flood
Explanation: A perpetrator is sending a large amount of ICMP echo (ping) traffic to IP broadcast addresses, all of it having a spoofed source address of the intended victim. If the routing device delivering traffic to those broadcast addresses performs the IP broadcast to layer 2 broadcast function, most hosts on that IP network will take the ICMP echo request and reply to it with an echo reply, multiplying the traffic by the number of hosts responding.
Topic 9, Social Engineering
303. Your boss at ABC.com asks you what are the three stages of Reverse Social Engineering.
A. Sabotage, advertising, Assisting
B. Sabotage, Advertising, Covering
C. Sabotage, Assisting, Billing D. Sabotage, Advertising, Covering
Explanation: Typical social interaction dictates that if someone gives us something then it is only right for us to return the favour. This is known as reverse social engineering, when an attacker sets up a situation where the victim encounters a problem, they ask the attacker for help and once the problem is solved the victim then feels obliged to give the information requested by the attacker.
Q112. Samuel is high school teenager who lives in Modesto California. Samuel is a straight ‘A’ student who really likes tinkering around with computers and other types of electronic devices. Samuel just received a new laptop for his birthday and has been configuring it ever since. While tweaking the registry, Samuel notices a pop up at the bottom of his screen stating that his computer was now connected to a wireless network. All of a sudden, he was able to get online and surf the Internet.
Samuel did some quick research and was able to gain access to the wireless router he was connecting to and see al of its settings? Being able to hop onto someone else’s wireless network so easily fascinated Samuel so he began doing more and more research on wireless technologies and how to exploit them. The next day Samuel’s fried said that he could drive around all over town and pick up hundred of wireless networks. This really excited Samuel so they got into his friend’s car and drove around the city seeing which networks they could connect to and which ones they could not.
What has Samuel and his friend just performed?
Explanation: Wardriving is the act of searching for Wi-Fi wireless networks by a person in a moving vehicle using a Wi-Fi-equipped computer, such as a laptop or a PDA, to detect the networks. It was also known (as of 2002) as "WiLDing" (Wireless Lan Driving, although this term never gained any popularity and is no longer used), originating in the San Francisco Bay Area with the Bay Area Wireless Users Group (BAWUG). It is similar to using a scanner for radio.
Topic 18, Linux Hacking
437. Windump is the windows port of the famous TCPDump packet sniffer available on a variety of platforms. In order to use this tool on the Windows platform you must install a packet capture library.
What is the name of this library?
Explanation: WinPcap is the industry-standard tool for link-layer network access in Windows environments: it allows applications to capture and transmit network packets bypassing the protocol stack, and has additional useful features, including kernel-level packet filtering, a network statistics engine and support for remote packet capture.
Q113. Sandra is conducting a penetration test for ABC.com. She knows that ABC.com is using wireless networking for some of the offices in the building right down the street. Through social engineering she discovers that they are using 802.11g. Sandra knows that 802.11g uses the same 2.4GHz frequency range as 802.11b. Using NetStumbler and her 802.11b wireless NIC, Sandra drives over to the building to map the wireless networks. However, even though she repositions herself around the building several times, Sandra is not able to detect a single AP.
What do you think is the reason behind this?
A. Netstumbler does not work against 802.11g.
B. You can only pick up 802.11g signals with 802.11a wireless cards.
C. The access points probably have WEP enabled so they cannot be detected.
D. The access points probably have disabled broadcasting of the SSID so they cannot be detected.
E. 802.11g uses OFDM while 802.11b uses DSSS so despite the same frequency and 802.11b card cannot see an 802.11g signal.
F. Sandra must be doing something wrong, as there is no reason for her to not see the signals.
Explanation: Netstumbler can not detect networks that do not respond to broadcast requests.
Q114. You are concerned that someone running PortSentry could block your scans, and you decide to slow your scans so that no one detects them. Which of the following commands will help you achieve this?
A. nmap -sS -PT -PI -O -T1 <ip address>
B. nmap -sO -PT -O -C5 <ip address>
C. nmap -sF -PT -PI -O <ip address>
D. nmap -sF -P0 -O <ip address>
Explanation: -T[0-5]: Set timing template (higher is faster)
Q115. Study the snort rule given below:
From the options below, choose the exploit against which this rule applies.
B. SQL Slammer
C. MS Blaster
Explanation: MS Blaster scans the Internet for computers that are vulnerable to its attack. Once found, it tries to enter the system through the port 135 to create a buffer overflow. TCP ports 139 and 445 may also provide attack vectors.
Renew 312-50 book:
Q116. Which Steganography technique uses Whitespace to hide secret messages?
Q117. A Company security System Administrator is reviewing the network system log files. He notes the following:
-Network log files are at 5 MB at 12:00 noon.
-At 14:00 hours, the log files at 3 MB.
What should he assume has happened and what should he do about the situation?
A. He should contact the attacker’s ISP as soon as possible and have the connection disconnected.
B. He should log the event as suspicious activity, continue to investigate, and take further steps according to site security policy.
C. He should log the file size, and archive the information, because the router crashed.
D. He should run a file system check, because the Syslog server has a self correcting file system problem.
E. He should disconnect from the Internet discontinue any further unauthorized use, because an attack has taken place.
Explanation: You should never assume a host has been compromised without verification. Typically, disconnecting a server is an extreme measure and should only be done when it is confirmed there is a compromise or the server contains such sensitive data that the loss of service outweighs the risk. Never assume that any administrator or automatic process is making changes to a system. Always investigate the root cause of the change on the system and follow your organizations security policy.
Q118. What are the default passwords used by SNMP?(Choose two.)
Explanation: Besides the fact that it passes information in clear text, SNMP also uses well-known passwords. Public and private are the default passwords used by SNMP.
Q119. You are gathering competitive intelligence on an organization. You notice that they have jobs listed on a few Internet job-hunting sites. There are two jobs for network and system administrators. How can this help you in foot printing the organization?
A. To learn about the IP range used by the target network
B. To identify the number of employees working for the company
C. To test the limits of the corporate security policy enforced in the company
D. To learn about the operating systems, services and applications used on the network
Q120. David is a security administrator working in Boston. David has been asked by the office's manager to block all POP3 traffic at the firewall because he believes employees are spending too much time reading personal email. How can David block POP3 at the firewall?
A. David can block port 125 at the firewall.
B. David can block all EHLO requests that originate from inside the office.
C. David can stop POP3 traffic by blocking all HELO requests that originate from inside the office.
D. David can block port 110 to block all POP3 traffic.