Top 10 bundle 312-50 for IT learners (191 to 200)

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2021 Apr 312-50 answers

Q191. What does an ICMP (Code 13) message normally indicates? 

A. It indicates that the destination host is unreachable 

B. It indicates to the host that the datagram which triggered the source quench message will need to be re-sent 

C. It indicates that the packet has been administratively dropped in transit 

D. It is a request to the host to cut back the rate at which it is sending traffic to the Internet destination 

Answer: C

Explanation: CODE 13 and type 3 is destination unreachable due to communication administratively prohibited by filtering hence maybe they meant "code 13", therefore would be C). 

Note:A - Type 3B - Type 4C - Type 3 Code 13D - Typ4 4 


Q192. Statistics from cert.org and other leading security organizations has clearly showed a steady rise in the number of hacking incidents perpetrated against companies. 

What do you think is the main reason behind the significant increase in hacking attempts over the past years? 

A. It is getting more challenging and harder to hack for non technical people. 

B. There is a phenomenal increase in processing power. 

C. New TCP/IP stack features are constantly being added. 

D. The ease with which hacker tools are available on the Internet. 

Answer:

Explanation: Today you don’t need to be a good hacker in order to break in to various systems, all you need is the knowledge to use search engines on the internet. 


Q193. Jane has just accessed her preferred e-commerce web site and she has seen an item she would like to buy. Jane considers the price a bit too steep; she looks at the page source code and decides to save the page locally to modify some of the page variables. In the context of web application security, what do you think Jane has changed? 

A. An integer variable 

B. A 'hidden' price value 

C. A 'hidden' form field value 

D. A page cannot be changed locally; it can only be served by a web server 

Answer: C

Explanation: Changing hidden form values is possible when a web site is poorly built and is trusting the visitors computer to submit vital data, like the price of a product, to the database. 


Q194. While investigating a claim of a user downloading illegal material, the investigator goes through the files on the suspect’s workstation. He comes across a file that is called ‘file.txt’ but when he opens it, he find the following: 

What does this file contain? 

A. A picture that has been renamed with a .txt extension. 

B. An encrypted file. 

C. A uuencoded file. 

D. A buffer overflow. 

Answer:

Explanation: This is a buffer overflow exploit with its “payload” in hexadecimal format. 


Q195. Stephanie works as a records clerk in a large office building in downtown Chicago. On Monday, she went to a mandatory security awareness class (Security5) put on by her company's IT department. During the class, the IT department informed all employees that everyone's Internet activity was thenceforth going to be monitored. 

Stephanie is worried that her Internet activity might give her supervisor reason to write her up, or worse get her fired. Stephanie's daily work duties only consume about four hours of her time, so she usually spends the rest of the day surfing the web. Stephanie really enjoys surfing the Internet but definitely does not want to get fired for it. 

What should Stephanie use so that she does not get in trouble for surfing the Internet? 

A. Cookie Disabler 

B. Stealth Anonymizer 

C. Stealth Firefox 

D. Stealth IE 

Answer: C

Explanation: Stealth Firefox If there are times you want to surf the web without leaving a trace in your local computer, then this is the right extension for you. https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/1306 


Down to date 312-50 sample question:

Q196. Jenny a well known hacker scanning to remote host of 204.4.4.4 using nmap. She got the scanned output but she saw that 25 port states is filtered. What is the meaning of filtered port State? 

A. Can Accessible 

B. Filtered by firewall 

C. Closed 

D. None of above 

Answer:

Explanation: The state is either open, filtered, closed, or unfiltered. Filtered means that a firewall, filter, or other network obstacle is blocking the port so that Nmap cannot tell whether it is open or closed. 


Q197. Which type of sniffing technique is generally referred as MiTM attack? 

A. Password Sniffing 

B. ARP Poisoning 

C. Mac Flooding 

D. DHCP Sniffing 

Answer: C


Q198. Fingerprinting an Operating System helps a cracker because: 

A. It defines exactly what software you have installed 

B. It opens a security-delayed window based on the port being scanned 

C. It doesn't depend on the patches that have been applied to fix existing security holes 

D. It informs the cracker of which vulnerabilities he may be able to exploit on your system 

Answer: D

Explanation: When a cracker knows what OS and Services you use he also knows which exploits might work on your system. If he would have to try all possible exploits for all possible Operating Systems and Services it would take too long time and the possibility of being detected increases. 


Q199. Barney is looking for a Windows NT/2000/XP command-line tool that can be used to assign display or modify ACLs (Access Control Lists) to files or folders and that could also be used within batch files. Which of the following tools could be used for this purpose? 

A. PERM.EXE 

B. CACLS.EXE 

C. CLACS.EXE 

D. NTPERM.EXE 

Answer:

Explanation: Cacls.exe (Change Access Control Lists) is an executable in Microsoft Windows to change Access Control List (ACL) permissions on a directory, its subcontents, or files. An access control list is a list of permissions for a file or directory that controls who can access it. 

Topic 12, Web Application Vulnerabilities 

356. Which of the following statements best describes the term Vulnerability? 

A. A weakness or error that can lead to a compromise 

B. An agent that has the potential to take advantage of a weakness 

C. An action or event that might prejudice security 

D. The loss potential of a threat. 

Answer:

Explanation: Vulnerabilities are all weaknesses that can be exploited. 


Q200. In which step Steganography fits in CEH System Hacking Cycle (SHC) 

A. Step 2: Crack the password 

B. Step 1: Enumerate users 

C. Step 3: Escalate privileges 

D. Step 4: Execute applications 

E. Step 5: Hide files 

F. Step 6: Cover your tracks 

Answer: ACDEF