10 tips on passleader 400 101

The article at Testaimer.com going over http://www.testaimer.com/400-101-test is very comprehensive.

Q271. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which device role could have generated this debug output? 

A. an NHS only 

B. an NHC only 

C. an NHS or an NHC 

D. a DMVPN hub router 



NHRP works off a server/client relationship, where the NHRP clients (let’s call them next hop clients/NHCs) register with their next hop server (NHS), it’s the responsibility of the NHS to track all of its NHCs this is done with registration request and reply packets. Here we see a registration request, which can only be sent by an NHC. 

Q272. Which statement is true about Fast Link Pulses in Ethernet? 

A. They are used during collision detection. 

B. They are used only if the media type is optical. 

C. They are part of UniDirectional Link Detection. 

D. They are used during autonegotiation. 



To make sure that your connection is operating properly, IEEE 802.3 Ethernet employs normal link pulses (NLPs), which are used for verifying link integrity in a 10BaseT system. This signaling gives you the link indication when you attach to the hub and is performed between two directly connected link interfaces (hub-to-station or station-to-station). NLPs are helpful in determining that a link has been established between devices, but they are not a good indicator that your cabling is free of problems. An extension of NLPs is fast link pulses. These do not perform link tests, but instead are employed in the autonegotiation process to advertise a device's capabilities. 



Q273. What are the three variants of NTPv4? (Choose three.) 

A. client/server 

B. broadcast 

C. symmetric 

D. multicast 

E. asymmetric 

F. unicast 

Answer: A,B,C 

Q274. Which two statements about redistribution are true? (Choose two.) 

A. EIGRP requires the route to have a default metric defined. 

B. EIGRP and OSPF use their router IDs to prevent loops. 

C. When OSPF is redistributed into IS-IS, the default metric must be configured under the IS-IS process. 

D. When traffic is redistributed into OSPF, the subnets command is needed to redistribute classful subnets. 

E. The default seed metric for OSPF redistributed routes is 30. 

Answer: A,B 

Q275. Refer to the exhibit. 

While troubleshooting high CPU utilization of a Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series Switch, you notice the error message that is shown in the exhibit in the log file. 

What can be the cause of this issue, and how can it be prevented? 

A. The hardware routing table is full. Redistribute from BGP into IGP. 

B. The software routing table is full. Redistribute from BGP into IGP. 

C. The hardware routing table is full. Reduce the number of routes in the routing table. 

D. The software routing table is full. Reduce the number of routes in the routing table. 




Error MessageC4K_L3HWFORWARDING-2-FWDCAMFULL:L3 routing table is full. 

Switching to software forwarding. 

The hardware routing table is full; forwarding takes place in the software instead. The switch performance might be degraded. 

Recommended Action: Reduce the size of the routing table. Enter the ip cef command to return to hardware forwarding. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/switches/lan/catalyst4500/12-2/31sg/system/message/message/emsg.html 

Q276. Which two options are reasons for TCP starvation? (Choose two.) 

A. The use of tail drop 

B. The use of WRED 

C. Mixing TCP and UDP traffic in the same traffic class 

D. The use of TCP congestion control 

Answer: C,D 


It is a general best practice to not mix TCP-based traffic with UDP-based traffic (especially Streaming-Video) within a single service-provider class because of the behaviors of these protocols during periods of congestion. Specifically, TCP transmitters throttle back flows when drops are detected. Although some UDP applications have application-level windowing, flow control, and retransmission capabilities, most UDP transmitters are completely oblivious to drops and, thus, never lower transmission rates because of dropping. When TCP flows are combined with UDP flows within a single service-provider class and the class experiences congestion, TCP flows continually lower their transmission rates, potentially giving up their bandwidth to UDP flows that are oblivious to drops. This effect is called TCP starvation/UDP dominance. TCP starvation/UDP dominance likely occurs if (TCP-based) Mission-Critical Data is assigned to the same service-provider class as (UDP-based) Streaming-Video and the class experiences sustained congestion. Even if WRED or other TCP congestion control mechanisms are enabled on the service-provider class, the same behavior would be observed because WRED (for the most part) manages congestion only on TCP-based flows. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/solutions/Enterprise/WAN_and_MAN/QoS_SRND/Qo S-SRND-Book/VPNQoS.html 

Q277. Which two options are actions that EEM can perform after detecting an event? (Choose two.) 

A. Place a port in err-disabled. 

B. Generate an SNMP trap. 

C. Reload the Cisco IOS Software. 

D. Send an SMS. 

Answer: B,C 


action snmp-trap 

To specify the action of generating a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap when an Embedded Event Manager (EEM) applet is triggered, use the action snmp-trap command in applet configuration mode. 

ction reload 

To specify the action of reloading the Cisco IOS software when an Embedded Event Manager (EEM) applet is triggered, use the action reload command in applet configuration mode. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/12_2s/feature/guide/fs_eem2.html 

Q278. Which three types of traffic are protected when you implement IPsec within an IPv6-in-IPv4 tunnel? (Choose three.) 

A. IPv6 link-local traffic 

B. IPv6 multicast traffic 

C. IPv6 unicast traffic 

D. IPv4 tunnel control traffic 

E. IPv4 broadcast traffic 

F. IPv6 broadcast traffic 

Answer: A,B,C 

Q279. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which statement is true? 

A. IS-IS has been enabled on R4 for IPv6, single-topology. 

B. IS-IS has been enabled on R4 for IPv6, multitopology. 

C. IS-IS has been enabled on R4 for IPv6, single-topology and multitopology. 

D. R4 advertises IPv6 prefixes, but it does not forward IPv6 traffic, because the protocol has not been enabled under router IS-IS. 



When working with IPv6 prefixes in IS-IS, you can configure IS-IS to be in a single topology for both IPv4 and IPv6 or to run different topologies for IPv4 and IPv6. By default, IS-IS works in single-topology mode when activating IPv4 and IPv6. This means that the IS-IS topology will be built based on IS Reachability TLVs. When the base topology is built, then IPv4 prefixes (IP Reachability TLV) and IPv6 prefixes (IPv6 Reachability TLV) are added to each node as leaves, without checking if there is IPv6 connectivity between nodes. 

Reference: https://blog.initialdraft.com/archives/3381/ 

Q280. Refer to the exhibit. 

What is the role of this multicast router? 

A. a first-hop PIM router 

B. a last-hop PIM router 

C. a PIM rendezvous point 

D. a PIM inter-AS router 



The following is sample output from the show ip pim tunnel taken from an RP. The output is used to verify the PIM Encap and Decap Tunnel on the RP: 

Switch# show ip pim tunnel 


Type : PIM Encap 

RP :* 



Type : PIM Decap 

RP :* 

SourcE. -R2# 

The asterisk (*) indicates that the router is the RP. The RP will always have a PIM Encap and Decap Tunnel interface. 


http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/switches/lan/catalyst3650/software/release/3se/multic ast/command_reference/b_mc_3se_3650_cr/b_mc_3se_3650_cr_chapter_010.html#wp12 86920037