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Q211. Which two options are signaling protocols that are used in MPLS? (Choose two.)
* Signaling is the means by which LSRs all along the path know that they are a part of a given LSP. It is a signaling function by which the LSR knows that the internal transit path for the LSP depicted goes from Interface 2 to Interface 4.
* Label distribution is the means by which an LSR tells an upstream LSR what label value to use for a particular LSP.
There are four protocols that can perform the label distribution function:
* Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
* Resource Reservation Protocol with Traffic Engineering Extensions (RSVP-TE)
* Constraint-Based Routed LDP (CR-LDP)
* Multiprotocol BGP
LDP and RSVP-TE are the two most commonly used label distribution protocols
Q212. Which command correctly configures standby tracking for group 1 using the default decrement priority value?
A. standby 1 track 100
B. standby 1 track 100 decrement 1
C. standby 1 track 100 decrement 5
D. standby 1 track 100 decrement 20
Q213. Which two statements about OSPF are true? (Choose two.)
A. External type 2 routes are preferred over interarea routes.
B. Intra-area routes are preferred over interarea routes.
C. External type 1 routes are preferred over external type 2 routes.
D. External type 1 routes are preferred over intra-area routes.
E. External type 2 routes are preferred over external type 1 routes.
Q214. Which two statements about 6VPE are true? (Choose two.)
A. It allows a service provider to use an existing MPLS network to provide VPN services to IPv6 customers.
B. It uses MP-BGP as the carrier protocol to transport IPv6 connectivity.
C. It provides IPv6 connectivity to MPLS-VPN customers when IPv6 overlay tunneling is also configured.
D. It allows a service provider to use an existing MPLS network to provide global addressing to their IPv6 customers.
E. It requires the configuration of a GRE tunnel tagged with a VLAN ID.
F. It allows a service provider to use an existing L2TPv3 network to provide VPN services to IPv6 customers.
The IPv6 MPLS VPN service model is similar to that of IPv4 MPLS VPNs. Service providers who have already deployed MPLS IPv4 VPN services over an IPv4 backbone can deploy IPv6 MPLS VPN services over the same IPv4 backbone by upgrading the PE router IOS version and dual-stack configuration, without any change on the core routers. IPv4 services can be provided in parallel with IPv6 services. IPv6 VPN service is exactly the same as MPLS VPN for IPv4. 6VPE offers the same architectural features as MPLS VPN for IPv4. It offers IPv6 VPN and uses the same components, such as: .
Multiprotocol BGP (MP-BGP) VPN address family .
Route distinguishers .
VPN Routing and Forwarding (VRF) instances .
Site of Origin (SOO) .
Extended community .
Q215. Which two statements about PIM-DM are true? (Choose two.)
A. It forwards multicast packets on a source tree.
B. It requires an RP.
C. It forwards multicast packets on a shared distribution tree.
D. It floods multicast packets to neighbors that have requested the data.
E. It floods multicast packets throughout the network.
F. It forwards multicast packets to neighbors that have requested the data.
Q216. What is the function of an EIGRP sequence TLV packet?
A. to acknowledge a set of sequence numbers during the startup update process
B. to list the peers that should listen to the next multicast packet during the reliable multicast process
C. to list the peers that should not listen to the next multicast packet during the reliable multicast process
D. to define the initial sequence number when bringing up a new peer
EIGRP sends updates and other information between routers using multicast packets to 22.214.171.124. For example in the topology below, R1 made a change in the topology and it needs to send updates to R2 & R3. It sends multicast packets to EIGRP multicast address 126.96.36.199. Both R2 & R3 can receive the updates and acknowledge back to R1 using unicast. Simple, right? But what if R1 sends out updates, only R2 replies but R3 never does? In the case a router sends out a multicast packet that must be reliable delivered (like in this case), an EIGRP process will wait until the RTO (retransmission timeout) period has passed before beginning a recovery action. This period is calculated from the SRTT (smooth round-trip time). After R1 sends out updates it will wait for this period to expire. Then it makes a list of all the neighbors from which it did not receive an Acknowledgement (ACK). Next it sends out a packet telling these routers stop listening to multicast until they are been notified that it is safe again. Finally the router will begin sending unicast packets with the information to the routers that didn’t answer, continuing until they are caught up. In our example the process will be like this:
1. R1 sends out updates to 188.8.131.52
2. R2 responds but R3 does not
3. R1 waits for the RTO period to expire
4. R1 then sends out an unreliable-multicast packet, called a sequence TLV (Type-Length-Value) packet, which tells R3 not to listen to multicast packets any more
5. R1 continues sending any other muticast traffic it has and delivering all traffic, using unicast to R3, until it acknowledges all the packets
6. Once R3 has caught up, R1 will send another sequence TLV, telling R3 to begin listening to multicast again. The sequence TLV packet contains a list of the nodes that should not listen to multicast packets while the recovery takes place. But notice that the TLV packet in step 6 does not contain any nodes in the list.
Note. In the case R3 still does not reply in step 4, R1 will attempt to retransmit the unicast 16 times or continue to retransmit until the hold time for the neighbor in question expires. After this time, R1 will declare a retransmission limit exceeded error and will reset the neighbor.
(Reference: EIGRP for IP: Basic Operation and Configuration)
Q217. Refer to the exhibit.
Which two statements about the EEM applet configuration are true? (Choose two.)
A. The EEM applet runs before the CLI command is executed.
B. The EEM applet runs after the CLI command is executed.
C. The EEM applet requires a case-insensitive response.
D. The running configuration is displayed only if the letter Y is entered at the CLI.
sync Indicates whether the policy should be executed synchronously before the CLI command executes.
. If the yes keyword is specified, the policy will run synchronously with the CLI command.
. If the no keyword is specified, the policy will run asynchronously with the CLI command.
(Optional) Specifies case insensitive comparison.
Here we see that the sync knob was enabled so A is correct. However, C is not correct as the nocase argument was not used, so the applet is configured to display the config only if a capital Y is issued.
Q218. Refer to the exhibit.
You are configuring the S1 switch for the switch port that connects to the client computer. Which configuration blocks users on the port from using more than 6 Mbps of traffic and marks the traffic for a class of service of 1?
A. Exhibit A
B. Exhibit B
C. Exhibit C
D. Exhibit D
Only option A specified that the exceed and violate actions are set to drop for traffic over the CIR of 6 Mbps, and is also configured to set all traffic with a COS of 1 using the “set cos1” command.
Q219. A floating static route appears in the routing table of an interface even when the interface is unusable.
Which action can you take to correct the problem?
A. Remove the permanent option from the static route.
B. Correct the administrative distance.
C. Configure the floating static route to point to another route in the routing table.
D. Correct the DHCP-provided route on the DHCP server.
Q220. Refer to the exhibit.
Which option is the most likely explanation of the duplicate address message logged?
A. HSRP misconfiguration
B. a PC with IP of 10.10.1.1
D. a hardware problem